Mait Metspalu is a Professor of evolutionary genomics. He did PhD in population genetics at the University of Tartu 2006. In 2012-2013 Mait was a visiting research fellow at UC Berkeley. His research concentrates on using and developing population genetics approaches incl. ancient DNA to understand the genetic diversity and adaptations of humans through time. Mait is the director of the Institute of Genomics at the University of Tartu which houses the population-based Estonian Biobank. Mait is involved in facilitating the transfer of knowledge of genetic risks for diseases into the medical system in Estonia.